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Magnetic Force and Electric Force

Magnetic Force and Electric Force

Magnetic Force and Electric Force are fundamental forces of nature that involve the interaction between charged particles or objects.

There are two main forces in the earth’s midst as gifts by nature, referred to as the Magnetic force and the electric force. The name itself says that is Electric forces that occur due to the electrical charges. In contrast, Magnetic forces result from magnetic dipoles. The Electric Forces and magnetic forces, together form the electromagnetic force which is considered one of the four fundamental forces in nature.

The idea of electromagnetic forces and electric forces are hot topics across a variety of areas, such as electromagnetic, mechanical magnetostatic, electrostatics, and other areas of Physics. Both appear attractive and are hard to distinguish the two. In this regard we will discuss you will find the Difference between Magnetic Force and Electric Force can be found below. Each magnet has an area within it that it is possible to measure the force of its magnet within which the force of magnetic forces comes into play.

It is called the field of magnets that are magnetic. The strength and the presence of these magnetic fields can be distinct based on the power that the magnet has. This is the “magnetic flux lines” which indicate the force. This is the line that indicates which direction the magnetic field is heading.

For a deeper understanding of what is known as the Electric force, it is necessary to be able to determine the impact on the electric field that occurs around the particles that carry the charge of electricity. If you take a close look at the properties of the charged particles, you’ll discover they have two magnetic fields and an electric field all at one at the same time. This is the primary reason that electric and magnetic forces have a connection to one the other.

Any situation in which the electric and magnetic forces interact with each and the other, it is called an electromagnetic field. Both of them are moving in a straight line to one another and work independently. In the event that the electric field is absent, then you will see the magnetic field as the form of permanent magnets. The electric field, appears in the shape of static electricity even when there is no magnetic field in place.

Why are Electric and Magnetic forces important?

Knowing the distinction between electric force and magnetic force is essential for many reasons:

  1. Basic understanding: Magnetic force and electric force are the fundamental forces in nature. They play a crucial influence on the behavior and interaction of particles that result in the development of matter and its operation in the world. Knowing these forces can help to comprehend the main laws that regulate the physical universe.
  2. The areas of Science: Understanding electromagnetic and electrical forces is crucial for all scientific disciplines. In the field of physics, it is crucial and crucial to comprehend electromagnetism particle physics, and quantum mechanics. In engineering, it’s essential to design electric circuits, motors transformers, generators as well as other equipment.
  3. Practical Applications: Distinguishing between electric force and magnetic force is crucial to harness the potential of both. The magnetic force is responsible for the functioning of electric motors generators as well as magneto-resonance imaging (MRI) devices, as well as magnetic levitation devices
  4. Electromagnetic Interactions: Understanding and understanding the differentiating between electric and magnetic force is vital to comprehend the intricate interactions of the two forces Understanding the interactions between these two forces allows for the advancement of technology like optical communication wirelessly, as well as medical imaging.
  5. Scientific Developments: The latest advances in the field of science and technological breakthroughs often stem due to the understanding of the different aspects of forces. The study of electricity and magnetism has led to groundbreaking research and developments across a range of fields including transportation and energy production, along with telecommunications, and medical research. In understanding the distinctive nature of electrical and magnetic forces, researchers can create innovative materials, equipment, as well as applications to improve the quality of our lives.
  6. Security Considerations: Knowing the distinctions between the magnetic and electric force is essential to ensure security in a variety of circumstances. This helps to understand the dangers of electromagnetic fields, creating security measures following safety rules for electrical devices and systems.

What is Magnetic Force

The strength of a magnet is referred to as the magnetic force of the magnet. To make a magnet it is necessary to create an electrical current to use on the metals that are comprised of iron. In the event that you boost the amount of electricity flowing through an iron-based material such as rods as a magnet, the strength of the magnetic field is increased. This is determined in milligauss (mG).

Magnetic Force
Magnetic Force

The most basic measurements of the intensity of the magnetic force can be represented using Gauss and Tesla. If you are looking to identify the magnetic field created by an object, you need to look at the force it is imposing on the other magnetic particles as well as the electric charge that is moving around it. Each magnetic substance is equipped with a magnetic field that is observed within. Magnetic fields are considered to be a vector-based field, for they reason it can be observed in the exact direction, magnitude and location within the field.

For the creation of Magnetic force, it is necessary to utilize two magnets. If you employ the magnet, a magnetic material or wire that contains the current connecting it to an external magnetic field the magnetic force is generated. Each magnet is made up of two poles, which are known by their names the South Pole and the North Pole. If you put the same Pole close to one another the poles will repel one another and vice versa.

What is Electric Force

These are the electrical charge that is at the heart of electric forces. The electric charge has two forms, known as both negative and positive. In order to describe an electric charge, the electrical field that it is a part of is to be examined. Making an electric field involves all electrical charges. This includes stationary and moving charges. Another method of creating the electric field is by creating modifications in the magnetic fields. Estimating the force generated by an electric field on one point charge that has Q charged when it’s put in the electric field is expressed in terms of F = V Q.

Electric Force
Electric Force

Based on the definition of V within this formula, we refer to the power at that particular location. The nature of Electric forces can be either attractive or repellent. When the two charges are of the same kind, which is either positive or negative, their appearance forces will be repellent. It is possible to see attractive forces when both charges differ.

Every electric field has forces that are proportional to the quantity of electricity present within the fields, in the same direction. To determine the intensity that is the Electric field, you have to use the measurement unit Volts per Meter (V/m). Electric fields are the fields of force that occur around the region close to the charged particles. These are expressed in terms of Newton Per Coulomb or Volts Per Meter.

Types of Magnetic Force

There are many types of magnetic forces that may be studied and observed. Below are some of the most notable kinds of magnetic forces:

  1. Attractive Magnetic: Force is the kind of magnetic force that pulls magnetic materials toward one another. When two magnetic materials with opposing sides (north as well as south) are brought closer to each other They experience an attractive magnetic force that pulls the two magnets closer.
  2. The force of repulsive magnetic forces: The repulsive magnetic force happens between two magnets that have similar poles (north and south, or north or south). If the magnets are brought near to one another each one exerts an inverse force that pushes one another further away.
  3. Magnetic Force on Charges: Moving If a charged particle is moved by an electric field, it encounters the magnetic force, also that is known as the Lorentz force. The force is perpendicular to both the velocity that the particle is moving and the magnetic field’s direction. The Lorentz force plays a role in the dispersion of charged particles within instruments like cyclotrons as well as particle accelerators.
  4. Magnetic Force on current-carrying wires: If an electrical current is passed through wires, there is a magnetic field created within it. The magnetic field creates an impact on the conductors of current or magnetic material. This process is used as the foundation of a variety of applications, such as magnetic motors, electric motors, and other electromagnetic devices.
  5. Magnetic Forces on Permanent Magnets: Permanent magnets, like bar magnets, or objects that are magnetized create magnet fields of their own. When they come into close proximity to magnetic materials or any other magnets, they create magnetic forces depending on their field strength as well as the direction they are in.
  6. Magnetic Force between Magnetic: Materials Magnetic forces be a force between magnetic materials, based on their magnetic properties and their alignment. Magnetic domains with an alignment may attract or repel one in accordance with the location of their magnetization.

Types of Electric Force

The electric force is manifested in many kinds of forms and conditions. Below are a few notable examples of electric force:

  1. Attractive Electric Force: Two particles or objects that have opposing electric charges come closer to one another and they feel an appealing electric force. Charges of positive and negative attract one another, resulting in the force of attraction that draws the two objects together.
  2. Repulsive Electric Force: Electric force is generated between two particles or objects that have similar charges. If two positively charged or two objects with negative charges come close to each to each other, they are subjected to the force of a repulsive electric charge that pushes them away.
  3. Electrical Forces: on Charged Particles Electric force is a powerful force that acts upon the charged particle (either positively or negatively) within the context of the electric field. The force exerted is on the line that connects charged particles, and is the primary reason behind the movement and interactions of these particles.
  4. The electric force: on current-carrying wires, The electric current that flows through a wire generates an electric field that surrounds it. This field of electricity can cause an electric force upon nearby charged particles as well as other wires carrying current, which leads to interactions, and even movements.
  5. Electrostatic Force: The term “electrostatic force” is the term used to describe the electric force that exists between charged particles that are stationary or slow-moving. This is the cause of things like attraction between charges, repellent between charges that are similar, as well as the accumulation of static electricity.
  6. Induced Electric Force: The magnetic field changes and interacts with the conductor, it creates an electric field and the electrical force that is subsequently generated. This is referred to as electromagnetic induction. It forms the foundation for many applications including electric generators as well as transformers.
  7. Electric Force in Capacitors: The capacitors store energy in them and use the interplay of electrical charges between conductive plates that are separated by the dielectric material. The electric force is a force that acts between the charged plates, generating an electric field that allows the storage of and release of electricity.

Difference Between Magnetic Force and Electric Force

The main difference between electric force and magnetic force is in their genesis as well as their interactions and the effects they have. These are the main difference between the two forces:


  • Magnetic Force: The magnetic force results from the interplay of charges or the magnetic nature of substances. This is caused by the movement of electric-charged particles, like current-carrying wires, or electrons moving.
  • Electric Force: The electric force is derived through the interactions with charged particles. It is caused by the presence of static electrical charges. These may be either positive or negative.

The Fields that are the Source:

  • Magnetic Force: Magnetic fields are created through moving charges or the inherent magnetic properties of the substances. They are generated by moving wires carrying current as well as permanent magnets. other sources that generate moving charges.
  • Electric Force: Electric Fields are created through static electrical charges. They arise from the accumulation of or deficit of electrons on the objects or particles.

Interactions between Charged Particles and charged particles:

  • Magnetic Force: The force of magnetic acts upon moving charges. It applies a force perpendicular to the charge’s velocity vector. The force forces the particle charged to travel along a curving path taking the circular or helical path.
  • Electric Force: Electric Force works on both stationary and moving charges. It creates a force on the line that connects two charged objects. Charges that are similar repel each other and opposite charges draw.

Dependence on Distance: 

  • Magnetic Force: The force of the magnetic between two objects diminishes as the size of the distance between the two. But magnetic fields are able to spread over large distances and can have an impact even when they are at a distance.
  • Electric Force: The force generated by electricity between two charged objects diminishes as the size of the distance they are. In general, electric fields are less powerful as compared with magnetic fields.

Interactions with Fields:

  • Magnetic Force: The force of magnetic results from the interaction of charged particles with magnetic fields. The particles charged with charge experience magnetic force whenever they travel within a magnetic field or are in contact with magnetic fields.
  • Electric Force: The electric force results through the interaction of electrical charges as well as electric fields. The charged particles feel an electric force whenever they are present in electrical fields or when they interact with charged objects.

Examples of Dominance

  • Magnetic Force: The force of magnetic energy is dominant when there are magnet fields and moving charges like generators, electric motors as well as particle accelerators.
  • Electric Force: The electric force prevails in any situation that involves either moving or stationary charges with electrical fields. This is the case electronic circuits, electrical circuits, and the behavior of charged particles within Atoms.

The similarity between Magnetic Force and Electric Force

Though electric and magnetic force are distinct They also have some similarities. These are the main similarities that exist between magnetic force and electric force:

  1. They are both Fundamental Forces: The magnetic force, as well as the electric force, are among the four forces fundamental to nature. Along with gravitational force as well as the powerful and weak forces of the nuclear. They are essential to studying the behavior of objects and particles on the subatomic and atomic levels.
  2. Vector Quantities: Magnetic force as well as electric force are vector numbers, which means they are both in magnitude and direction. It is possible to represent them by an arrow, and the length of the arrow indicating the force’s strength, and the direction indicating the direction in which the force is directed.
  3. Fields: Magnetic force as well as electric force are correlated with fields. The electric and magnetic fields are present in the area around particles or objects that have electric or magnetic properties, in turn. They exert force on any other magnetized or charged object that is under their influence.
  4. Interactions with charged Particles: Forces interact through charged particles. Magnetic force affects charged particles that move and causes them to be subjected to a force that is perpendicular to their velocity and vector. The electric force is a powerful force that affects both stationary and moving charges, creating an electric force along the lines that connects two charged objects.
  5. Mathematics Representation of Forces: Both forces could be mathematically described using the same equations. In particular, Coulomb’s Law is a description of the electric force that exists between objects charged, whereas Biot-Savart’s laws and Ampere’s law explain the magnetic force that exists in magnetic materials, or the movement of charges.
  6. Electromagnetic interactions: Magnetic force as well as electric force are linked via electromagnetism. The changes in electrical fields may cause magnetic fields and fluctuations in magnetic fields could create electric fields. The relationship can be described in Maxwell’s equations that unite electromagnetic and electric effects.
  7. Energy Conservation: When there are magnetic or electric interactions, the entire power of the system can be saved. Energy can be converted between electrical energy and magnetic energy. The total of both remains the same.

Examples and Applications

The examples and uses of electric and magnetic force are:

Magnetic Force

  1. Electric Motors: Magnetism is a crucial factor in the functioning of electric motors. The interactions between the magnetic field and current inside the motor create an electric force that drives the mechanical movement.
  2. Generators: Generators use magnetic force by generators to transform electrical energy from mechanical forces. The movement of a conductor within the field of magnetic force creates an electrical current via electromagnetic induction.
  3. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): MRI machines use strong electromagnetic fields as well radio waves to provide high-quality images of organs and structures. The magnetic force interacts with hydrogen atoms within the body. This allows for diagnostic imaging and imaging.
  4. Magnetic Levitation: Magnetic force can be utilized in magnetic levitation devices like Maglev trains to raise and move objects by using forces of repulsive energy between magnetic elements. The technology allows frictionless transportation at high speed and efficiency.
  5. Particle Accelerators: Magnets for Particle Accelerators play the most important part in particle accelerators including synchrotrons and cyclotrons which control and accelerate charged particles at high speed. Magnetic fields control and restrict particles tracks that allow experimentation and research in particle physical physics.

Electric Force:

  1. Electrical Circuits: The electric force is the main component to the working in electrical circuits. It controls the flow of electrical current through conductors permitting the transmission of electricity to power different equipment.
  2. Electronics: The power of electricity is essential in the development and function of electronic gadgets. It governs the actions of semiconductor electrons and allows the construction of integrated circuits, transistors as well as digital electronic systems.
  3. Capacitors: Capacitors store electric energy through the electrical energy that is generated by the force of separate charges. They are utilized in electronic circuits to provide energy storage, filtering and for timing purposes.
  4. Electrostatic Precipitators Electrostatic Precipitators: Electric force is used in electrostatic precipitators to eliminate particles, dust as well as pollutants, from exhaust gases of industrial processes. Charged particles are drawn by oppositely charged plates or collections surfaces, which facilitate their elimination out of the gas flow.
  5. Van de Graaff Generator: The Van de Graaff generator uses electric force to generate high voltages. It is typically used to create demonstrations for education and also in research.

These instances show how magnetic force as well as electric force can be utilized for a variety of purposes, which range from transportation and power generation to medical imaging, and particle Physics. The understanding and use of these forces has opened the ways for technological advances as well as scientific breakthroughs in a variety of disciplines.


Magnetic and Electric Forces are captivating phenomena that shape our universe in profound ways. From the intricate dance of charged particles to the marvels of modern technology, these forces continue to captivate scientists and engineers alike. As we embrace the future, the synergistic interplay between magnetic and electric forces promises to unlock new frontiers of knowledge and innovation.

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